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【行业新闻】建设国家级仪器专业56个,国产仪器仪表要崛起了
信息来源: 华恒 | [ 2019-04-12] 点击量: 230

   近日,教育部发布《实施一流本科专业建设“双万计划”的通知》,决定全面实施“六卓越一拔尖”计划2.0,启动一流本科专业建设“双万计划”。2019—2021年,建设10000个左右国家级一流本科专业点和10000个左右省级一流本科专业点。

 
  the construction of first-class undergraduate majors,deciding to implement the"six outstanding and one top-notch"plan in an all-round way and start the"20,000 plan"for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors.From 2019 to 2021,about 10,000 national first-class undergraduate specialty points and 10,000 provincial first-class undergraduate specialty points will be built.
 
  在近2万个左右一流本科专业点中,化学类148个,生物科学类158个,环境科学与工程类158个、食品科学与工程类106个、仪器类56个,药学类80个,中药学类30个、生物医学工程类31个。
 
  Among the nearly 20,000 top-ranking undergraduate specialties,there are 148 chemical specialties,158 biological sciences,158 Environmental Sciences and engineering specialties,106 Food Sciences and engineering specialties,56 instrumental specialties,80 pharmaceutical specialties,30 traditional Chinese medicine specialties and 31 biomedical engineering specialties.
 
  本次“双万计划”原则如下:面向各类高校。在不同类型的普通本科高校建设一流本科专业,鼓励分类发展、特色发展;面向全部专业。覆盖全部92个本科专业类,分年度开展一流本科专业点建设;突出示范领跑。
 
  The principle of this"20,000 plan"is as follows:facing all kinds of colleges and universities.To build first-class undergraduate majors in different types of general undergraduate colleges and universities,encourage classified development and characteristic development,and face all majors.It covers all 92 undergraduate majors and carries out the construction of first-class undergraduate majors in different years,highlighting the leading role of demonstration.
 
  建设新工科、新医科、新农科、新文科示范性本科专业,引领带动高校优化专业结构、促进专业建设质量提升,推动形成高水平人才培养体系;分“赛道”建设。中央部门所属高校、地方高校名额分列,向地方高校倾斜;鼓励支持高校在服务国家和区域经济社会发展中建设一流本科专业;“两步走”实施。报送的专业第一步被确定为国家级一流本科专业建设点;教育部组织开展专业认证,通过后再确定为国家级一流本科专业。
 
  The construction of demonstration undergraduate majors in new disciplines,new medical sciences,new liberal arts will lead universities to optimize their professional structure,promote the quality of professional construction,and promote the formation of a high-level personnel training system,and be divided into"track"construction.Colleges and local universities affiliated to the central government should be allocated to local colleges and universities,and they should be encouraged to support universities in building first-class undergraduate majors in serving the country and regional economic and social development,and implement the"two-step"approach.The first step of the submitted specialty is to be identified as a national first-class undergraduate specialty construction point.The Ministry of Education organizes professional certification and then determines it as a national first-class undergraduate specialty.
 
  近年来,国产仪器虽然发展较快,但低档同质化竞争、招投标“遭排挤”、国外隐性技术壁垒制约等因素依然使当前国产仪器处境尴尬。
 
  In recent years,although domestic instruments have developed rapidly,the low-grade homogeneous competition,the"crowding out"of bidding and invisible technical barriers abroad still make the current situation of domestic instruments awkward.
 
  长期以来,进口仪器一直占据我国主要市场,分布在国家级、省级、地市级实验室,以及高校和相关企业中。业内人士表示,近年来,国产仪器与进口仪器之间一直处于贸易逆差状态。
 
  For a long time,imported instruments have occupied the main market in China,distributed in national,provincial,prefectural and municipal laboratories,as well as universities and related enterprises.Industry insiders said that in recent years,there has been a trade deficit between domestic and imported instruments.
 
  此次,教育部启动一流本科专业建设“双万计划”,建设56个国家级仪器专业,无疑为国产仪器发展注入了一剂“强心剂”。通过设立仪器专业,将为我国培养更多的仪器专业人才,推动国产仪器向高端高质量发展。Recently,the Ministry of Education issued a circular on the implementation of the"20,000 plan"for
 
  This time,the Ministry of Education launched the"20,000 plan"for the construction of first-class undergraduate majors and 56 national-level instrument majors,which undoubtedly injected a"strong heart"into the development of domestic instruments.Through the establishment of instrument specialty,more instrument professionals will be trained in China,and the development of domestic instruments to high-end and high-quality will be promoted.