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【行业新闻】技术研发氛围正浓,仪器仪表行业迎来破局机遇!
信息来源: 华恒 | [ 2019-05-14] 点击量: 211

   5月5日,河南省郑州市发布《郑州市加大全社会研发投入的若干政策措施》《郑州市进一步加快推进创新创业载体发展的若干政策措施》《郑州市支持科技型企业融资发展的若干政策》3项政策,拿出真金白银来支持企业的研发。

 
  On May 5,Zhengzhou City of Henan Province issued three policies,namely,Several Policies and Measures for Enlarging the Social R&D Investment in Zhengzhou City,Several Policies and Measures for Further Accelerating the Development of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Carriers in Zhengzhou City,and Several Policies for Financing Development of Science and Technology Enterprises in Zhengzhou City,to support the R&D of enterprises with real gold and silver.
 
  文件提出,将对科技雏鹰企业、科技小巨人企业、科技瞪羚企业和科技创新龙头企业进行补贴,最高开出2000万元的奖励;对新认定的国家、省、市级众创空间、星创天地、科技企业孵化器等载体给予最高200万元补助;对科技型企业融资难、融资贵问题提供解决方案,在扶持科创板、创业板上市企业方面,最高给予500万元奖励。
 
  The document proposes that subsidies will be given to science and technology hawk enterprises,science and technology giant enterprises,science and technology gazelle enterprises and leading enterprises of science and technology innovation,with a maximum of 20 million yuan award;subsidies of up to 2 million yuan will be given to newly recognized carriers such as state,provincial and municipal public creation space,star creation heaven and earth,and incubator of science and technology enterprises;and solutions to the financing difficulties and expensive problems of science and technology enterprises will be provided.In support of enterprises listed on the GEM and GEM,the highest award is 5 million yuan.
 
  仪器仪表作为制造业的重要组成部分,在工业生产中发挥着重要的作用,在一些高端研发项目中,仪器仪表更是有着不可替代的作用,一直都受到全世界的重视,尤其是对于我国而言。众多周知,受起步晚等因素的影响,我国仪器仪表制造行业存着着发展薄弱,技术水平低等问题,在很多核心技术上还没有取得突破,同时在国外大型企业的涌入下,国产仪器仪表行业的市场在不断的压缩,这也进一步限制了国产仪器仪表行业的发展,造成了恶性循环。2019年年初,国际巨头自恃产品技术先进而大幅涨价的事情引起了诸多高校的共鸣,也揭开了国产仪器仪表行业的遮羞布。据了解,截至2018年,全国共约有1800台核磁共振波谱仪,其中1400多台是一家国外供应商的产品,国产的仅有50台。
 
  Instruments,as an important part of manufacturing industry,play an important role in industrial production.In some high-end R&D projects,instrumentation plays an irreplaceable role.It has always been paid attention by the whole world,especially for China.As we all know,due to the late start and other factors,there are some problems in the instrument manufacturing industry in China,such as weak development and low technology level,which have not made breakthroughs in many core technologies.At the same time,with the influx of large foreign enterprises,the market of domestic instrument industry is constantly shrinking,which further limits the development of domestic instrument industry and causes malignancy.Cycle.At the beginning of 2019,the international giants'self-reliance on the advanced technology of their products and the dramatic price increase aroused the resonance of many colleges and universities,and also unveiled the shame of the domestic instrument industry.It is understood that as of 2018,there are about 1800 NMR spectrometers in China,of which more than 1400 are products from a foreign supplier,and only 50 are made in China.
 
  为了推动仪器仪表企业进行研发,我国也在通过国家自然科学基金、国家科技重大专项、国家重点研发计划、技术创新引导专项(基金)和基地人才专项等计划,为仪器仪表企业提供资金和指导。近10年来,中国基础研究投入总额以年均增幅近15%的速度快速增长,从2006年的155.8亿元增长到2017年的975.5亿元,投入的资金在不断的增加。
 
  In order to promote the research and development of instrument and instrument enterprises,China is also providing funds and guidance for instrument and instrument enterprises through the National Natural Science Foundation,major national science and technology projects,national key research and development plans,technical innovation guidance projects(funds)and base personnel projects.Over the past 10 years,China's total investment in basic research has grown rapidly at an average annual growth rate of nearly 15%,from 15.58 billion yuan in 2006 to 97.55 billion yuan in 2017,with increasing investment.
 
  在科技部发布的经费总概算约6亿元的国家重点研发计划重点专项2018年度项目申报指南中,就对多个仪器仪表项目进行了规划。比如说,基于语义交互集成的仪器仪表新型体系架构;基于量子效应的仪表原位标校技术;具备边缘计算能力的新型仪器仪表;面向恶劣环境的仪器仪表可靠性设计及验证技术;高性能真空监测仪表;特种工况实时在线测量仪表;高性能特种控制阀等。
 
  The Ministry of Science and Technology has issued a guideline for the declaration of key national R&D projects with a total budget of about 600 million yuan in 2018,in which a number of instrumentation projects have been planned.For example,a new architecture of instruments based on semantic interaction integration;in-situ calibration technology of instruments based on quantum effect;new instruments with edge computing capability;reliability design and verification technology of instruments for harsh environment;high-performance vacuum monitoring instruments;real-time on-line measurement instruments for special working conditions;high-performance special control valves,etc.
 
  受这些措施的引导,我国在很多领域的创新及市场新主体都实现了大量增加,创新活力不断释放,不少企业都在持续不断的进行新技术的研发。2017年,企业研发经费投入13733亿元,占全社会投入的78.5%。此外,汇中股份、积成电子、三川智慧、新天科技、宁波水表等企业在2018年对NB-IoT技术研发投入逐渐增加,费用支出占营业总成本的20%以上。
 
  Under the guidance of these measures,China's innovation in many areas and new market players have achieved a large increase,innovation vitality is constantly released,many enterprises are continuing to carry out research and development of new technologies.In 2017,enterprises invested 1373.3 billion yuan in R&D,accounting for 78.5%of the total social investment.In addition,Huizhong Stock,Jicheng Electronics,Sanchuan Wisdom,Xintian Science and Technology,Ningbo Water Meter and other enterprises gradually increased their investment in NB-IoT technology research and development in 2018,and the expenditure accounted for more than 20%of the total operating cost.
 
  资金的持续投入也推动了一批重大科技成果相继问世。据不完全统计,我国主导制定的《国际标准ISO 16063-33:2017“振动与冲击传感器校准方法:磁灵敏度测试”》、《显微镜光学关键部件联接尺寸》、《测量、控制和实验室用电气设备的安全要求第2-203部分:工业通信设备的特殊要求)》均已立项或者出版。随着新技术的研发,国产仪器仪表行业有望在国际市场上掌握主动权。
 
  The continuous investment of funds has also promoted the emergence of a number of major scientific and technological achievements.According to incomplete statistics,the International Standard ISO 16063-33:2017"Calibration Method of Vibration and Impact Sensors:Magnetic Sensitivity Test","Connection Dimensions of Key Optical Components of Microscopes","Safety Requirements for Electrical Equipment for Measurement,Control and Laboratory Part 2-203:Special Requirements for Industrial Communications Equipment",which is formulated by our country,has been put into project or published.With the development of new technology,the domestic instrument industry is expected to take the initiative in the international market.
 
  10bet体育,我国正在积极构建以企业为主体、产学研融合的技术创新体系,对于仪器仪表企业来说,将是大展身手的良机。一方面,仪器仪表企业要加强战略研判,提高判断能力,增强科技创新政策的前瞻性预见性系统性,另一方面,仪器仪表可以联合高校和科研院所组建产学研用联合体,联合开展核心技术研发攻关,实现技术的核心突破。
 
  At present,China is actively building a technology innovation system with enterprises as the main body and integration of industry,education and research.For instrument enterprises,it will be a good opportunity to show their skills.On the one hand,instrumentation enterprises should strengthen strategic research and judgment,improve judgment ability,and enhance the forward-looking and predictive system of science and technology innovation policy.On the other hand,instrumentation enterprises can combine universities and scientific research institutes to form a production-learning-research association,jointly carry out research and development of core technologies,and achieve core breakthroughs in technology.