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【行业相关】中美贸易战之下,国产质谱仪器该如何发展?
信息来源: 华恒 | [ 2019-05-18] 点击量: 194

   质谱仪是一种能够直接测量物质原子量或分子量的仪器,是10bet体育最尖端的科学仪器之一。

 
  Mass spectrometer is a kind of instrument which can directly measure the atomic weight or molecular weight of matter.It is one of the most advanced scientific instruments at present.
 
  基于质谱仪具有直接测量物质的本质特征,以及高分辨、高灵敏度、大通量和高准确度的特性,它的应用领域十分广泛,涉及高端医疗器械、环境检测、生物医药、食品安全等几乎所有的分析测试领域,是百亿级体量的产业,并能够推动万亿级的产业。
 
  Mass spectrometer has the characteristics of direct measurement of substances,high resolution,high sensitivity,high throughput and high accuracy.It has a wide range of applications,involving high-end medical devices,environmental testing,biomedicine,food safety and almost all other fields of analysis and testing.It is a 10 billion-level industry,and can promote trillion-level industry.
 
  随着人们对环境保护、食品安全等问题的日益重视,质谱仪市场需求越来越多,越来越迫切。然而,由于国产质谱仪存在较多技术瓶颈,只能满足小部分市场需求,国内质谱仪市场大多被国外知名质谱仪制造商所占据(如安捷伦、赛默飞、沃特世等)。
 
  With people's increasing attention to environmental protection,food safety and other issues,the market demand for mass spectrometers is more and more urgent.However,due to the technical bottlenecks of domestic mass spectrometers,they can only meet a small part of the market demand.Most of the domestic mass spectrometer market is occupied by well-known foreign mass spectrometer manufacturers(such as Agilent,Somerfly,Waters,etc.).
 
  根据智研咨询发布的统计数据显示,2018年我国质谱仪产量为20004台,进口数量为12617台,出口数量为6949台,全国质谱仪需求量为25672台。
 
  According to the statistics released by Zhiyan Consulting,in 2018,China's mass spectrometer output was 2,004,the number of imports was 12,617,the number of exports was 6949,and the national mass spectrometer demand was 25,672.
 
  近日,中美贸易战持续升温,双方均已表明态度。作为仪器仪表行业中的一员,仪表网小编也将目光对准了600亿美元美国进口商品中的各类仪器仪表及相关产品。
 
  Recently,the Sino-US trade war has continued to heat up,and both sides have expressed their attitudes.As a member of the instrumentation industry,the small catalogue of instrumentation network will also focus on various instrumentation and related products in US imports of$60 billion.
 
  其中,以质谱联用仪(海关编号:90278012)为代表的质谱仪器在加征关税的税率中被划为5%最低档。但是作为一种高端精密分析仪器,并且是我国进口的主要仪器,质谱产品以其技术含量高、应用范围广、价格昂贵而备受国内外相关仪器厂商的关注。
 
  Among them,mass spectrometry instruments represented by mass spectrometry(Customs No.90278012)are classified as the lowest level of 5%in the tariff rate.However,as a high-end precision analytical instrument,and the main instrument imported from China,mass spectrometry products have attracted the attention of relevant instrument manufacturers at home and abroad for their high technical content,wide application and high price.
 
  此次,美国开启贸易战,中国已表明立场。在5月13日的央视新闻联播中,主持人康辉播报了一篇题为《中国已做好全面应对的准备》的国际锐评,引起了人们的极大关注。贸易战的开启势必会对中国的质谱行业产生影响,国内仪器企业只有不断加强技术创新和进口替代,才能在这场“贸易战”中减少影响。
 
  This time,the United States launched a trade war,and China has made its position clear.In the CCTV news broadcast on May 13,the host Kang Hui broadcasted an international critical comment entitled"China is ready for a comprehensive response",which attracted great attention.The opening of trade war will inevitably have an impact on China's mass spectrometry industry.Only by continuously strengthening technological innovation and import substitution,can domestic instrument enterprises reduce the impact in this"trade war".
 
  上个世纪六十年代,我国生产出第一台质谱仪。但由于一些历史原因,我国质谱仪的研发和生产工作没能延续,与国际水平存在较大差距,在国际质谱仪市场占有率极低,在国内质谱仪市场也只能参与低端产品的竞争。
 
  In the 1960s,China produced the first mass spectrometer.However,due to some historical reasons,the development and production of mass spectrometers in China has not been continued,and there is a big gap with the international level.The market share of mass spectrometers in the international market is very low,and the domestic mass spectrometer market can only participate in the competition of low-end products.
 
  随着我国经济的不断发展,环境污染、食品安全等问题日益突出,对发展高端科学仪器提出了迫切需求。中国作为全球质谱仪重要的需求市场越来越受到仪器厂商的关注,国内仪器厂商也在致力于打造国产高端质谱仪。
 
  With the continuous development of China's economy,environmental pollution,food safety and other issues have become increasingly prominent,which put forward an urgent need for the development of high-end scientific instruments.As an important global market for mass spectrometers,China has attracted more and more attention from instrument manufacturers.Domestic instrument manufacturers are also committed to building high-end domestic mass spectrometers.
 
  比如,十年前禾信仪器只有一台不能工作的样机,十年后的2018年禾信仪器已经做到了国内行业领军。禾信仪器已经全面掌握具有完全自主知识产权的飞行时间质谱核心技术和全套装配工艺,多项质谱技术及产品填补了国内甚至国际质谱领域与高端环保仪器行业的空白。
 
  For example,10 years ago,there was only one prototype of Hexin instrument that could not work.Ten years later,in 2018,Hexin instrument has become a leader in the domestic industry.Hexin instrument has fully mastered the core technology and complete assembly process of time-of-flight mass spectrometry(TOFMS)with fully independent intellectual property rights.Many mass spectrometry technologies and products have filled the gaps in the field of mass spectrometry and high-end environmental protection instruments at home and abroad.
 
  10bet体育,禾信仪器的技术已经在国内200多个城市得到了应用,并且出口到美国和德国,创造了中国大型尖端科学仪器首次出口欧美的历史。
 
  At present,Hexin instrument technology has been applied in more than 200 cities in China,and exported to the United States and Germany,creating the history of China's first large-scale sophisticated scientific instruments exported to Europe and the United States.
 
  禾信仪器董事长周振说,质谱仪器对于一个国家和民族很重要,禾信仪器自己花了10年时间做到了全国领先,但也必须承认和国外的差距还很大。
 
  Zhou Zhen,chairman of Hexin Instruments,said that mass spectrometry instrument is very important for a country and a nation.It took Hexin Instrument itself 10 years to be the national leader,but it must be acknowledged that there is still a big gap between Hexin Instruments and other countries.
 
  因此,我国要尽快加强对质谱仪技术的重视程度,制定合理、有效的发展计划,加大研发投入和支持力度,加快推进产业化进程,从而缩短我国与质谱技术领先国家之间的差距。
 
  Therefore,China should pay more attention to mass spectrometer technology as soon as possible,formulate reasonable and effective development plans,increase R&D investment and support,speed up the industrialization process,so as to shorten the gap between China and the leading countries in mass spectrometry technology.
 
  中美贸易战已打响。苏轼·《留侯论》有句话说的好:“天下有大勇者,卒然临之而不惊,无故加之而不怒。此其所挟持者甚大,而其志甚远也”。中国或许就是苏轼所指代的大勇者吧!
 
  The Sino-US trade war has begun.There is a saying in Su Shi's"On Liuhou"that"there are brave people in the world,who will not be surprised when they come,and will not be angry for no reason.This is a very big hijacker and far-reaching ambition.Maybe China is the hero that Su Shi refers to.